Saying the machines are outsmarting human beings is not a hyperbole.

Over the centuries, a lot has changed in the industrial world with the continuous evolution of the technologies. Let’s flashback to 1780s: where the new manufacturing process by water and steam has amazed the world. Later, the electrification, automation, globalization, and digitalization went on, which has increased productivity along with safety, quality, and minimized waste.

Industry 4.0- the most touted as an era of intelligent machines, storage systems, data analytics, artificial intelligence, and robots have dramatically increased and automated the production with minimum human intervention. It’s also referred to as the industrial internet of things (IIoT). The manufacturers have upgraded the machines to gain insights from multiple sources and forecast future breakdown or repair needs. The advanced digitalization has enabled the machines to decide on their own thereby leaving no room for human workers.

For instance, the product customization under industry 4.0 allows the car buyers to design the cars online with several variables such as colours, interiors, and other features. The manufacturers can produce a unique car designed by the buyer within a mass production system using an assembly line.

It’s fantastic!

Still, the personalization layer was missing. The customers expect a feeling of craftsmanship and human care in car customization. The handicraft system technically means hyper-personalization.  

That’s why the human is involved to work in co-operation with machines in industry 5.0. The human intelligence is added to the cognitive computing equation after up-skilling the workers which enable value-driven production. The next industrial revolution is all set to put human minds back to the industrial framework.

Take a look at how Industry 5.0 is better than industry 4.0 for SMBs:

  • Take the personalization game to the next level

We will understand it through an example of artificial pancreas systems that are issued to Type 1 diabetes patients to regularly control the blood sugar levels. See how the system works under a treatment plan? At first, the glucose monitor draws blood after detecting the glucose level in it. Later, it communicates with an insulin delivering device via a tube, that’s attached to the patient skin.

The system is like- everyone fits the mould, but its efficiency can be increased by manifolds when it’s designed according to every individual’s metabolic rate, skin thickness, lifestyle, behaviour, and other parameters. The little tweak to the system is possible with industry 5.0 where a personalized app can be provided to the patients matching the lifestyle and body variations, and then advanced AI techniques are applied to define every individual patient’s body reaction towards a device. Once, the patterns are identified, the customized artificial pancreas systems are fed into the production process.

In this manner, automation will remain at the heart of the manufacturing process with the addition of a personal imprint of humans. The tight collaboration of the man and machines will make it possible.

  • Bringing humans closer to the manufacturing design process

With industry 4.0 revolution, the industry is expecting the replacement of humans with machines. To a large extent, the humans were endangered to lose their jobs, but industry 5.0 turn the table upside down by handing over the design responsibility back in the human’s hands and making the jobs of higher-value. The technology doesn’t just substitute humans, instead, it accelerates the performance by freeing them up from the tedious tasks and letting them focus more on strategizing and planning.

For example, while building the next-generation aircraft, the manufacturing capabilities are constrained with the data they have regarding the infield service of aircraft and based on the in-field service data, the design process will be executed. With industry 5.0, pushing the boundaries of physics, the automated manufacturing process can be improved through real-time data coming from the in-service field. The automated data flow between the field, manufacturing process and the design allow the human to work on how aircraft design that impact engine performance and usage.

The Rolls-Royce or GE engines are the best real-world instance of industry 5.0 automation in the design process, where humans are taken out of the manufacturing route and involved in the design process. That’s the reason their design engineers better understand the quality process, and the performance levels based on the engine’s design.


It’s a matter of less than a decade when industry 4.0 was picking up the grounds in the manufacturing space with IoT-enabled facilities inter-connected through cloud servers and leveraging cloud computing, the forward-thinkers predicted about the next wave of revolution that will reconcile the man and machine again. It has happened with industry 5.0, which has started creating ripples in the market in the form of upgraded industry 4.0. Well, the industry-wide implementation of industry 4.0 will be rewarded with the next 5.0 version because industry 5.0 is more like viewing the industry 4.0 in its complete form with major upgrades. SMBs- get ready for industry 5.0 as it will be the future of manufacturing. All the best!


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